Tuesday, March 8, 2011

Neck Pain Causes

We often hear that pain in the neck causing impaired activity. Indeed, severe pain in the neck becomes a very unpleasant experience.
It can be associated with the following factors. Your neck holds the head for about sixteen hours a day, seven days a week. Pain is felt only when it was lying asleep.
During the sixteen hours of this, your neck feels stiff when working, hooked while watching television, reading, exercising even when talking on the phone. So, do not be surprised if your neck shouting for help!
Almost everyone has experience with pain or stiffness in the neck. Neck pain is the most common case (other than cough and flu) at the clinics, GP practices and ranks second as a cause one has to leave work.
Fortunately, most neck pain is not a dangerous condition. Acute sprains of the neck muscles Catherine acute neck is 50-60 percent of the causes of pain in the neck. So there are also some pains that the conditions are more serious than others. The condition can threaten life or cause great discomfort and create other pain such as headaches, shoulder weakness, dizziness and low back pain. Such conditions require immediate care and stabilization.
Here are the conditions that require neck pain relief because it can threaten:
• The condition of the cervical discs, this disc includes a bulge on the nerve compression that causes critical stenosis of the spinal canal, resulting in limb weakness and then paralysis.
• Cracks in the cervical spine that causes an imbalance and the possibility of paralysis.
• Infection in the organ around the neck.
• Spontaneous aneurysm of the vertebral or carotid artery. This occurs when blood vessels in the neck widened spontaneously.
• Arthropati and osteoarthritis, pain arising from facet joint damage.
If we divide the categories of neck pain, pain can arise either locally or came from other regions.
Causes of local pain in the neck can be caused by:
1. Cervical nerve - compression or irritation of nerve.
2. Ligamental and muscle injury, sprain or whiplash.
3. Cervical vertebrae, inflammation of small joints (facet).
4. Cracked bone skeleton.
5. Infection.
Even when the cause of neck pain is benign, it can be very disabling. Therefore, we should not underestimate the neck muscle pain due to dislocated local muscle can spread to the shoulders, arms and even fingers. Sometimes, it feels like chest pain or a stabbing pain in the shoulder.
If the pain is unbearable, you should immediately consult to a doctor.

Thursday, December 9, 2010

Obstetric Fistula

Obstetric fistula is virtually unknown in developed nations. Women in chad are among those with an elevated risk of obstetric fistula. In 2003, the unfpa started what it called its campaign to end fistula.

In the majority of cases of obstetric fistula, the baby is stillborn. In addition to the mother, dealing with the loss of her baby, she is left with physical pain as well as social and emotional trauma from living with chronic urinary incontinence (the unintentional loss of urine. The inability to hold urine in the bladder due to loss of voluntary control over the urinary sphincters resulting in the involuntary passage of urine. The social consequences for girls and women living with obstetric fistula include isolation, divorce or abandonment, ridicule and shame, inability to start a family, illness, risk of violence, and lack of opportunity. Left without support, the women are often forced to beg or turn to prostitution to survive. The medical consequences for girls and women living with obstetric fistula are incontinence, but also frequent bladder infections, infertility, and foul odor.

Obstetric fistula is at risk for other urologic diseases such as renal failure, gynecologic sequelae such as vaginal stenosis and infertility, and neurologic disorders including foot drop. The most devastating consequence is the impact obstetric fistula can have on their psychosocial life. Effective programs that include family planning, prenatal care, safe labor and delivery, and postpartum care are needed to reduce obstetric fistula rates. Also needed are interventions that focus on improving access to maternal health care, emergency obstetric care, and increased rates of cesarean delivery when indicated.

Obstetric fistula is dead women—physically and psychologically,” said Gloria Esegbona, a British doctor of Nigerian descent who has treated women with the condition in Africa. “Their injuries render them little more than cripples and scar their souls. Ninety six per cent of these women lose their babies, she said.

Obstetric fistula is early and/or closely-spaced pregnancies and lack of access to emergency obstetric care. Despite the fact that improved obstetric care and the use of the cesarean section eradicated fistulas in western countries by the end of the 19th century, women in the developing world continue to be plagued by the condition because of a lack of obstetric care, lack of adequate health care infrastructure, and a dearth of trained personnel. A woman living in a rural area, without access to any emergency obstetric care, faces a greatly increased risk of obstetric fistula should a complication arises during child birth. Less than 60% of women in developing countries give birth with a trained professional. While fistula is the result of a medical complication of childbirth that arises in approximately 15% of all births, the root causes are poverty and the low status of women and girls that cause them to give birth at a young age, and, often, without medical attention.

Monday, October 11, 2010

Breast Cancer Awareness

Is breast cancer the most common cause of death for women? Breast cancer is the fifth leading cause of death. As it grows, however, breast cancer can cause changes in how the breast looks or feels.
Doctors use a mammogram detection to look for early signs of breast cancer. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer. If you want to be screened for breast cancer, call your doctor's office. Most health insurance companies pay for the cost of breast cancer screening tests.
A mammogram can show many cancers before they are felt. A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast and is performed with a specially designed machine. A registered x-ray technologist will position your breast between two plastic plates. Some women may find mammograms uncomfortable due to the firm pressure placed on each breast.
The standard screening examination requires a minimum of two pictures of each breast. Women, especially those between 40 and 49 years of age, should discuss the benefits and risks of mammogram screening with their health care providers.
Breast Cancer Prevention
A large study has shown that tamoxifen lowers the risk of getting breast cancer in women who are at elevated risk of getting breast cancer. Beginning menopause at a later age increases a woman's risk of developing breast cancer.
Diet and Lifestyle: Diet is being studied as a risk factor for breast cancer. Breast feeding may also decrease a woman's risk of breast cancer. Alcohol: Drinking alcohol may be linked to increased breast cancer risk. Prophylactic Mastectomy: Following cancer risk assessment and counseling, the removal of both breasts may reduce the risk of breast cancer in women with a family history of breast cancer.